How to Check a Regression Fit
Speaker: Fred Schenkelberg
When fitting a line or curve to data, it’s a model. When modeling it worth remembering the George Box quote, “Essentially all models are wrong, but some are useful.” Yet, how do we separate a useful model from one that isn’t useful? One step in finding a useful regression model is to consider the residuals. BTW: Weibull analysis is another term for regression analysis.
Residuals in regression analysis are the differences between the data and the model-predicted values. When the regression ‘fits’ the data the residuals should represent the naturally occurring experimental (measurement) errors. These should be well-behaved differences that tend to fit a normal distribution centered on zero.
Let’s explore what residuals are, where they come from, and how to evaluate them to detect if the fitted line (model) is adequate or not. Not checking or using a poor model is a recipe for major errors when making decisions. Checking residuals is one step to validating a model, yet it’s quick and easy to accomplish.
This Accendo Reliability webinar was originally broadcast on 10 May 2022.
The audio track is now an Accendo Reliability Webinar Series podcast episode. View the episode show notes to listen or subscribe to the podcast.
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