RFID stands for Radio-Frequency IDentification. It is a small electronic device that consist of a chip (capable of carrying 2000 bytes of data) and an antenna.
A RFID device provides a unique identifier and serves the same purpose as a bar code on a consumer product or a magnetic strip on the back of a credit card.
I would like to highlight two uses of RFID technology for process safety applications.
Tracking of Hazardous Chemicals
BASF plans to use RFID to monitor the location and condition of its fleet of rail cars containing hazardous chemicals. The RFID system system not only provides location of the cargo but also sends alerts to authorized users in the event of incidents such as a rail car collision, an unacceptable temperature fluctuation or tampering with rail car.
Tracking of Personnel During An Emergency
During an emergency evacuation, it is vital to account for plant personnel. Typically this task is performed by designated plant employees but BP’s Cherry Point facility is using RFID for tracking personnel. The RFID tracking system will be used to ascertain the whereabouts of staff members, contractors and visitors.
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