Just a couple of sample questions from deep in the body of knowledge this week.

Which of the following can be evaluated with dye penetrant methods? [Read more…]

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by Fred Schenkelberg 5 Comments

Just a couple of sample questions from deep in the body of knowledge this week.

Which of the following can be evaluated with dye penetrant methods? [Read more…]

by Fred Schenkelberg 5 Comments

Hi all,

I’m asking for feedback here. I’m thinking about building a subscription service that sends the subscriber a CRE preparation question a day (maybe adjustable by subscriber … not sure how to do this yet). [Read more…]

by Fred Schenkelberg 2 Comments

Let’s work a sample size problem.

A random sample size, n, is to be taken from a large population having a standard deviation of 1″. The sample size is to be determined so that there well be a 0.05 risk probability of exceeding a 0.1″ tolerance error in using the sample mean to estimateÂ Î¼. Which of the following values is nearest the required sample size?

a. 42

b. 106

c. 203

d. 384 [Read more…]

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I recently received a question concerning what sample size to use when assessing call center calls. Not a lot of information in the request, so my answer was rather general. And, thought it might provide some insight to others facing sample size questions of their own. [Read more…]

Just a short note today about a great high level article in Wired magazine. Robert Capps did a nice summary and review of the significance of reliability engineering, product failure and what we can do about it.

And he doesn’t mention MTBF – which is appropriate.

http://www.wired.com/design/2012/10/ff-why-products-fail/all/

by Fred Schenkelberg 11 Comments

note: if you know of a great online resource that isn’t on this list, please add a comments and we’ll add it to the list for all to share.

Shon Isenhour recently posted on Linkedin a question about online resources helpful for reliability engineers. I added my list and hadn’t seen any other links added. There must be more than the few I know about – what can you add to this list? [Read more…]

In light of the International Day of Failure, Oct 13th, letâ€™s consider failure from a reliability engineerâ€™s point of view. We work to understand and avoid product failures. When a product fails to deliver the desired performance attribute, it is tossed away, returned, replaced, repaired, or tolerated. This may occur before or after the product’s value has been achieved. [Read more…]

by Fred Schenkelberg 3 Comments

Ran across an interesting graphic in a new book recently. It single-handedly placed dependability in its proper context. It is an umbrella term that includes most of what we commonly think of as reliability and the other â€˜ilities.’ It encompasses the various connotations of dependable and reliable that are conveyed during common use. And, the term dependability permits the overarching context for defining very clearly the various [Read more…]

by Fred Schenkelberg 1 Comment

Two short questions to evaluate your knowledge of failure mechanisms (root causes) and common reliability models. The answers will be posted in a comment, later.

Which of the following failure root causes is most likely NOT due to power line variation (electronic-based product)?

A. Circuit design margin exceeded

B. Power dissipation

C. In-rush current response

D. Mechanical fatigue [Read more…]

by Fred Schenkelberg 3 Comments

Let’s say we have two identical pumps share a load in parallel. The failure rate for a pump in this mode of operation is 0.0002 failures per hour. If one pump has to carry the full load alone, that pumps failure rate increases to 0.0009 failures per hour.

What is the reliability of the two pump system over a 168 hour week of operation? [Read more…]

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A foundational element of probability and statistics is counting. How many ways could something occur? A simple example is a pass or fail criteria, thus when evaluating a product there are two possible outcomes. [Read more…]

by Fred Schenkelberg 7 Comments

In those situations where we sample without replacement, meaning the odds change after each sample is drawn, we can use the hypergeometric distribution for modeling. Great, sounds like statistician talk. So, let’s consider a real situation. [Read more…]

by Fred Schenkelberg 2 Comments

Let’s say the results of software testing averaged three defects per 10,000 lines of code. The criteria for release is 90% probability of 5 or fewer defects per 10k lines.

If this product ready for release?

The Poisson distribution is appropriate here as it is useful for modeling defects per unit, count per area, or arrivals per hour. If the data, in this case, the defect count per lines of code to be modeled by the Poisson distribution, the probability of an occurrence (defect in this case) has to be proportional to the interval (lines of code in this case). Also, the number of occurrences (defects) per interval must be independent (more on statistical independence in another post). [Read more…]

by Fred Schenkelberg 17 Comments

The lognormal distribution has two parameters,Â Î¼, andÂ Ïƒ. These are not the same as mean and standard deviation, which is the subject of another post, yet they do describe the distribution, including the reliability function. [Read more…]

This week in our CREÂ Test Prep class/webinarÂ we covered the Advance Statistics section of the CRE Primer, and I felt great that we stayed an hour more going over these though topics.

One of the topics was Hypothesis Testing.

Let me share some of the questions that arose during that section. [Read more…]